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Politics and government of
Romania



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List of countiesEdit

See also: List of Romanian Counties by Population

Administrative
Divisions of
Romania
Regional level (NUTS)
Macro-regions (4 NUTS I)
Development regions
(8 NUTS II)
Counties (42 NUTS III)
Local level
Metropolitan areas (11)
Municipalities (103)
Cities (211)
Communes (2827)
Other divisions
Villages
Sectors


Fișier:Romania counties.svg

The judeţe (translated in English as "counties") are administrative units of Romania.

As of 2008, Romania is divided into 41 counties and one municipality, as follows:

Name Common
Abbrev
Capital Area (km2)
Alba AB Alba Iulia 6,242
Arad AR Arad 7,754
Argeş AG Piteşti 6,862
Bacău BC Bacău 6,621
Bihor BH Oradea 7,544
Bistriţa-Năsăud BN Bistriţa 5,355
Botoşani BT Botoşani 4,986
Braşov BV Braşov 5,363
Brăila BR Brăila 4,766
Buzău BZ Buzău 6,103
Caraş-Severin CS Reşiţa 8,514
Călăraşi CL Călăraşi 5,088
Cluj CJ Cluj-Napoca 6,674
Constanţa CT Constanţa 7,071
Covasna CV Sfântu Gheorghe 3,710
Dâmboviţa DB Târgovişte 4,054
Dolj DJ Craiova 7,414
Galaţi GL Galaţi 4,466
Giurgiu GR Giurgiu 3,526
Gorj GJ Târgu Jiu 5,602
Harghita HR Miercurea Ciuc 6,639
Hunedoara HD Deva 7,063
Ialomiţa IL Slobozia 4,453
Iaşi IS Iaşi 5,476
Ilfov IF Buftea 1,583
Maramureş MM Baia Mare 6,304
Mehedinţi MH Drobeta-Turnu Severin 4,933
Mureş MS Târgu Mureş 6,714
Neamţ NT Piatra Neamţ 5,896
Olt OT Slatina 5,498
Prahova PH Ploieşti 4,716
Satu Mare SM Satu Mare 4,418
Sălaj SJ Zalău 3,864
Sibiu SB Sibiu 5,432
Suceava SV Suceava 8,553
Teleorman TR Alexandria 5,790
Timiş TM Timişoara 8,697
Tulcea TL Tulcea 8,499
Vaslui VS Vaslui 5,318
Vâlcea VL Râmnicu Vâlcea 5,765
Vrancea VN Focşani 4,857
Bucureşti B (Bucharest municipality)

History Edit

The earliest organization into "judeţe" was in the 15th century and each judeţ was ruled by a "jude", a person who had administrative and judicial functions. The modern administrative division into "judeţe" was done during the 19th century using the French departments system as an example: for each judeţ there exists a "prefect", who is the representative of the government to the county and the head of the local administration. Until 1948 each "judeţ" was divided into a number of "plăşi" (singular "plasă"), with each administered by a "pretor" (from the Latin "praetor"), named by the "prefect".

In 1938, King Carol II modified the Constitution, and after that the law of administration of the Romanian territory. It resulted ten "ţinuturi" (approx. translation: "lands"), ruled by "Rezidenţi Regali", appointed directly by the King. Due to World War II, the Second Vienna Award, the Ribbentrop-Molotov pact and the loss of territory that Romania suffered, this style of administration did not last long, the "judeţe" being reintroduced, until the rise of communism, in 1948.

Fișier:Romania 1939 - tinuturi.svg
Name Alternative Name Capital
Ţinutul Jiu Ţinutul Olt Craiova
Ţinutul Argeş Ţinutul Bucegi Bucharest
Ţinutul Mării - Constanţa
Ţinutul Dunării Ţinutul Dunărea de Jos Galaţi
Ţinutul Nistru - Chişinău
Ţinutul Prut - Iaşi
Ţinutul Suceava - Cernăuţi
Ţinutul Mureş Ţinutul Alba-Iulia Alba-Iulia
Ţinutul Crişuri Ţinutul Someş Cluj
Ţinutul Timiş - Timişoara


The Communist party changed it to the Russian model (in raions), but it reverted to the current system (in 1968). In 1981 the former counties of Ilfov and Ialomiţa were re-organised into the present-day counties of Giurgiu, Călăraşi, Ialomiţa and Ilfov. Until 1995 Ilfov was not a proper county, but instead a dependency of Bucharest ("Sectorul Agricol Ilfov").

Historical countiesEdit

Merged or renamedEdit

Fișier:Romania Counties 1930-2008.svg

Originally (1927-1938) there were 71 judeţe

Lost during WWIIEdit

Fișier:Romania 1945 Counties.svg

To BulgariaEdit

To UkraineEdit

To MoldovaEdit

In Transnistria occupied during WWIIEdit

Nowadays, they are dividied between the Republic of Moldova (in Transnistria) and Ukraine.

See also Edit

</table> bg:Окръзи в Румъния

de:Liste der Bezirke in Rumänien es:Organización político-administrativa de Rumania fr:Subdivisions de la Roumanie gl:Subdivisións da Romanía he:מחוזות רומניה hu:Románia megyéi it:Contee della Romania ja:ルーマニアの県 pl:Okręgi w Rumunii pt:Condados da Romênia ro:Judeţele României ru:Жудецы Румынии sk:Administratívne členenie Rumunska wa:Distriks del Roumaneye

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