| Coat of arms of Giurgiu
Coat of arms
<td colspan="2" style="text-align: center;">
<tr class="mergedbottomrow"> <th colspan="2" style="text-align: center; font-size: smaller; padding-bottom: 0.7em;">Coordinates: </th>
<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>Country
<th class="adr">Flag of Romania Romania
</tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th>County
<th class="adr">Giurgiu County
</tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th>Status <th>County capital </tr>
<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <td colspan="2">Population (2002)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Total</th> <td>69.345</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>Time zone</th> <td>EET (UTC+2) </tr> <tr class="mergedbottomrow"> <th style="white-space: nowrap;"> - Summer (DST)</th> <td>EEST (UTC+3)</td> </tr>
Giurgiu is the capital city of Giurgiu County, Romania in the region once called Vlaşca. It is situated amid mud-flats and marshes on the left bank of the Danube. Three small islands face the city, and a larger one shelters its port, Smarda. The rich corn-growing land to the north is traversed by a railway to Bucharest, the first line opened in Romania, which was built in 1869 and afterwards extended to Smarda. Giurgiu exports timber, grain, salt and petroleum, and imports coal, iron, and textiles.
According to the 2002 census, Giurgiu has a population of 69,345. In 1900 its population was 13,977. In 1930 it had a population of 30,348.
The area around Giurgiu was densely populated at the time of the Dacians (first century BC) as archeological evidence shows and even the capital of Burebista was in this area (it is thought to be in Popeşti on the Argeş river). During the Roman times this was the site of Theodorapolis, a city built by the Roman emperor Justinian (483-565).
The city of Giurgiu was probably established in the 14th century as a port on the Danube by the Genoese merchant adventurers, who established a bank, and a trade in silks and velvets. They called the city after the patron saint of Genoa, San Giorgio (St George); and hence comes its present name. It was first mentioned in Codex Latinus Parisinus, in 1395 during the reign of Mircea cel Bătrân and was conquered by the Ottomans in 1420 as a way to control the Danube traffic. Ottomans named the city as "Yergöğü", which means "Earthsky".
As a fortified city, Giurgiu figured often in the wars for the conquest of the lower Danube; especially in the struggle of Mihai Viteazul (1593–1601) against the Turks, and in the later Russo-Turkish Wars. It was burned in 1659. In 1829, its fortifications were finally razed, the only defence left being a castle on the island of Slobozia, united to the shore by a bridge.
|Giurgiu||Cities & Towns in Giurgiu County||Flag of Romania|
| County capital: Giurgiu|
County seats of Romania (alphabetical order by county)
Alba Iulia • Arad • Piteşti • Bacău • Oradea • Bistriţa • Botoşani • Braşov • Brăila • Buzău • Reşiţa • Călăraşi • Cluj-Napoca • Constanţa • Sfântu Gheorghe • Târgovişte • Craiova • Galaţi • Giurgiu • Târgu Jiu • Miercurea Ciuc • Deva • Slobozia • Iaşi • Buftea • Baia Mare • Drobeta-Turnu Severin • Târgu Mureş • Piatra Neamţ • Slatina • Ploieşti • Satu Mare • Zalău • Sibiu • Suceava • Alexandria • Timişoara • Tulcea • Vaslui • Râmnicu Vâlcea • Focşani
ca:Giurgiu cs:Giurgiu da:Giurgiu de:Giurgiu eo:Giurgiu et:Giurgiu es:Giurgiu fr:Giurgiu it:Giurgiu ka:გიურგიუ hu:Gyurgyevó nl:Giurgiu (stad) ja:ジュルジュ pl:Giurgiu pt:Giurgiu ro:Giurgiu tg:Ҷурҷу tr:Yergöğü