Partidul Naţional Liberal ( National Liberal Party) is a liberal party in Romania, and the second largest party in parliament, being edged out only by the Social Democratic Party. Until April 2007, it was the largest member of the governing Justice and Truth alliance, which enjoyed a parliamentary majority due to an alliance between the Liberal Party, the Democratic Party, and the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania. In April 2007, the current prime-minister, Călin Popescu-Tăriceanu, who is also the party leader, formed a minority government only with Democratic Union of Hungarians.
The party is a member of
Liberal International and the European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party.
The party adheres to the doctrine of
liberalism, advocating both economic and social liberalisation. In recent years, it has focussed more on economic liberalism. For example, one of its main election promises for the 2004 legislative election was the introduction of a flat tax rate of 16% for personal income and corporate profits. Because the Liberal Party became part of the governing coalition, it managed to introduce this change, hence giving Romania one of the most liberal tax policies in Europe.
The National Liberal Party also supports the neutrality of the state in moral and religious issues, as well as the
privatisation and denationalisation of the economy, a trend which is currently taking place quite rapidly in Romania, as in other post-communist economies.
Additionally, the party supports the introduction of a
parliamentary system (where the president would be elected by the parliament rather than by the people) to replace Romania's current semi-presidential system, which is based on the French model. It also advocates a decentralisation of Romania's political structure, with greater autonomy given to the eight development regions.
With regard to
EU politics, the National Liberal Party has adopted the following stances:
Supports EU enlargement to the Western Balkans
Supports EU membership for Turkey, as long as it satisfies membership criteria
Supports the accession of Moldova to the EU, in the same wave as the Western Balkans
Supports a reformed European Constitution
Supports reform of the Common Agricultural Policy
Opposes a common EU tax policy
Opposes a common EU social policy
Supports a common EU migration policy
Supports a common EU defence and security policy
Supports a partnership between the US and the EU, where the EU is an "equal and critical" partner.
The Romanian Law of Parties requires all parties to present a permanent sign and a permanent electoral sign. The former is used to identify the party's buildings and press releases, and the latter to identify the party's electoral materials ant the candidates on the elections ballot. Usually they differ slightly.
The main element of the party is a blue arrow pointing to the upper right corner of a a yellow square, and the letters
P, N, and L in blue, tilted to the right. The position of the PNL with respect to the arrow depends on the type of symbol, as shown bellow. Also one should note that the color scheme of both signs can be reversed from yellow-blue to blue-yellow, depending on the background it is placed on.
(Romanian) Enciclopedia partidelor politice din România, 1859-2003, Editura Meronia, Bucharest 2003, ISBN 973-8200-54-7. ↑ Paul G. Nixon, Rachel Kay Gibson, Stephen J Ward,
Political Parties and the Internet, Routledge, 2003, ISBN 041528273X, p. 166.
Cliveti, Gheorghe, Liberalismul românesc. Eseu istoriografic, Editura Fundaţiei “AXIS”, Iaşi, 1996;
Istoricul PNL de la 1848 până astăzi, Bucureşti, 1923;
Rădulescu – Zoner, Şerban (coord.), Cliveti, Gheorghe, Stan, Apostol, Onişoru, Gheorghe, Şandru, Dumitru, Istoria Partidului Naţional Liberal, Editura All, Bucureşti, 2000;
Stan, Apostol, Iosa, Mircea, Liberalismul politic în România. De la origini până la 1918, Editura Enciclopedică, Bucureşti, 1996;
Naumescu, Valentin,Despre liberalism în România.Realităţi,dileme, perspective, EFES, Cluj-Napoca, 2001;
Şomlea,Vasile-Florin, Mişcarea liberală din România post'1989,Editura Ecumenica Press, Cluj-Napoca, 2006.
External links Edit
Member parties of international liberal organizations : Liberal International *=Observer member Andorra: PLA – Angola PLD – Argentina: Recrear* –Austria: LIF – Belgium: MR - VLD – Bulgaria: DPS - NDSV – Burkina Faso: ADF-RDA* - Cambodia: PSR* - Canada: Liberal Party - DR Congo: ANADER * – Costa Rica: PML – Côte d’Ivoire: RDR – Croatia: HNS-LD* – HSLS – Cuba: PLC – PSD – ULC – Denmark: RV - Venstre – Equatorial Guinea: UDENA – Estonia: Reform – Finland: Keskusta – SFP – Georgia: RPG* - Germany: FDP – Gibraltar: Liberal Party – Guatemala : MR* – Honduras: PLH – Hungary: SzDSz – Iceland: FSF – Ireland: PDs – Israel: Shinui - Italy: FdLI* - Kenya LDP* - Kosovo: PLK* – Latvia: LC – Lithuania: LCU – NU-SL* – Luxembourg: DP – Macedonia: LDP – Madagascar: MFM* - Malawi: UDF – Mali - PCR* - Mexico: NA* – Moldova: PSL – Montenegro: LSCG – Morocco: AdL* - UC - MP – Netherlands : D66 - VVD – Nicaragua: ALN* - Norway: Venstre – Paraguay: PLRA – Philippines: PL – Romania: PNL – Russia: Yabloko - Senegal: PDS – Serbia: LS – Seychelles: SNP* - Slovakia: ANO – Slovenia: LDS – South Africa: DA – Spain: UM – Sri Lanka: LP – Sweden: Cp* - FpL – Switzerland: FDP - PLS – Taiwan: DPP (民進黨) – Tanzania: CCW/CUF – Tunisia : PSL* - United Kingdom: APNI - Lib Dems - Zambia: UNDP* National groups: Brazil: Brazilian Group*– German Group – Israeli Group - Italian Group* – Netherlands Group - Catalan Group - British Group : European Liberal Democrat and Reform Party Andorra: LPA - Austria: LIF - Belgium: VLD - MR - Bosnia and Herzegovina: LDS - Bulgaria: ДПС - НДСВ - Croatia: HNS-LD - HSLS - IDS - Cyprus: ΕΔ - Czech Republic: ODA - Denmark: RV - Venstre - Estonia: KESK - Reform - Finland: Keskusta - SFP - Germany: FDP - Hungary: SzDSz - Ireland: PD - Italy: MRE - RAD - PRI - IDV - Latvia: LC - Lithuania: LCU - LRLS - NS-SL - Luxembourg: DP - Macedonia: ЛПМ - ЛДП - Moldova: AMN - Netherlands: D66 - VVD - Norway: Venstre - Poland: PD - Romania: NLP - Russia: Яблоко - Serbia: ЛС - PLK (Kosovo)- Slovakia: ANO - Slovenia: LDS - Spain: CDC - UM - Sweden: Cp - FpL - Switzerland: FDP - United Kingdom: Lib Dems - APNI Youth organization: LYMEC Other parties in the : ALDE EP Group Cyprus: DIKO - France: UDF* - Italy: Margherita* - Lithuania: DP* - Romania: PC - Spain: PNV* The parties marked with an * are member of the European Democratic Party <tr><th style="white-space:nowrap;background:#ddddff;text-align:right;"> Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats Cambodia: PSR - Malaysia: PGRM - Myanmar: NCUB – Pakistan: LFP (ass. member) - Philippines: LP – Singapore: SDP - Sri Lanka: LP - Taiwan: DPP (民進黨) - Thailand: DP</small> </th><td colspan="1" style="text-align:left;width:100%;font-size:95%;">Angola: Africa Liberal Network PLD – Burkina Faso: ADF-RDA – DR Congo: ANADER - Côte d’Ivoire: RDR - Equatorial Guinea: UDENA – Madagascar: MFM – Malawi: UDF - Morocco: MP – UC – Mozambique: PDD – Senegal: PDS – Seychelles: SNP – South Africa: DA – Tanzania: CUF - UDP – Tunisia: PSL – Zambia: UNDP – Zimbabwe: MDC</td></tr><tr><th style="white-space:nowrap;background:#ddddff;text-align:right;"> </th><td colspan="1" style="text-align:left;width:100%;font-size:95%;background:#f7f7f7;">Argentina: Liberal Network for Latin America (Relial) Recrear – PPG - Costa Rica: PML – Guatemala: MR – Mexico: NA – Peru: Justicia Nacional</td></tr></table>
Historical political parties in Romania
Liberal: National Liberal Party, Free and Independent Faction, National Liberal Party-Brătianu, National Liberal Party-Tătărescu
Conservative: Conservative Party, Conservative-Democratic Party, Constitutional Party
Agrarian: National Peasants' Party, Bessarabian Peasants' Party, National Agrarian Party, Peasants' Party, Ploughmen's Front, Socialist Peasants' Party
Fascist, corporatist, and far right: Iron Guard, Crusade of Romanianism, National-Christian Defense League, National Christian Party, National Fascist Movement, National Italo-Romanian Cultural and Economic Movement, National Renaissance Front, National Romanian Fascia, National Socialist Party, Romanian Front
Communist, socialist, and social democratic: Romanian Communist Party, Romanian Social Democratic Party, Romanian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, Romanian Social Democratic Party of Bukovina, Social Democratic Party of Transylvania and Banat, Socialist Party of Romania
Nationalist: Democratic Nationalist Party, National Party, People's Party, Romanian National Party
Ethnic minority: German Party, German People's Party, Hungarian People's Union, Jewish Party, Magyar Party
Other: Union of Patriots
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