The Romanian Front (Romanian: Frontul Românesc) was a Fascist party created in 1935 - being led by Alexandru Vaida-Voevod as a splinter group from the National Peasants' Party.


The Front had its roots in the second and third governments of Vaida-Voevod (1932 and 1933), which were characterized by growing levels of antisemitism and discussions regarding the possibility of barring Jews from a number of public posts, to the background Iron Guard agitation.

After the collapse of the government and the emergence of Gheorghe Tătărescu as Prime Minister, the Romanian Front was born (in 1935) to pursue a more aggressive policy of anti-Semitism and fascism. The Front failed to prosper however, as the new government introduced some laws against the Jews, whilst also seeking to deliberately contain the new party. They continued to agitate for more stringent anti-Jewish laws, and made speeches accusing the Jewish population of fraud, media control and blood libel.

As a result, the Front moved closer to the Nazi position, although despite Romania's support for the Axis Powers during World War II, the Front gained no special treatment. It did not survive 1944, the year Romania switched sides in the conflict, and their remnants were stamped out when a communist regime was established.

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Historical political parties in Romania (1856-1947)

Liberal: National Liberal Party, Free and Independent Faction, National Liberal Party-Brătianu, National Liberal Party-Tătărescu
Conservative: Conservative Party, Conservative-Democratic Party, Constitutional Party
Agrarian: National Peasants' Party, Bessarabian Peasants' Party, National Agrarian Party, Peasants' Party, Ploughmen's Front, Socialist Peasants' Party
Fascist, corporatist, and far right: Iron Guard, Crusade of Romanianism, National-Christian Defense League, National Christian Party, National Fascist Movement, National Italo-Romanian Cultural and Economic Movement, National Renaissance Front, National Romanian Fascia, National Socialist Party, Romanian Front
Communist, socialist, and social democratic: Romanian Communist Party, Romanian Social Democratic Party, Romanian Social-Democratic Workers' Party, Romanian Social Democratic Party of Bukovina, Social Democratic Party of Transylvania and Banat, Socialist Party of Romania
Nationalist: Democratic Nationalist Party, National Party, People's Party, Romanian National Party
Ethnic minority: German Party, German People's Party, Hungarian People's Union, Jewish Party, Magyar Party
Other: Union of Patriots

cs:Šablona:Fašistický pahýl

ro:Frontul Românesc