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<td colspan="2" align="center" style="width:100%; font-size: 1.25em; white-space: nowrap;">Satu Mare
Szatmárnémeti
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Coat of arms of Satu MareSzatmárnémeti
Coat of arms

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<td colspan="2" style="text-align: center;">Location of Satu Mare

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<tr class="mergedbottomrow"> <th colspan="2" style="text-align: center; font-size: smaller; padding-bottom: 0.7em;">Coordinates: 47°47′24″N 22°53′24″E / 47.79, 22.89</th>

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<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>Country

               <th class="adr">Flag of Romania Romania

</tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th>County

               <th class="adr">Satu Mare County

</tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th>Status <th>County capital </tr>


<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <td colspan="2">Government </td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Mayor <td>Iuliu Ilyés (Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedtoprow"> <td colspan="2">Area </td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th>  - Total </th> <td>150,3 km² (58 sq mi)</td> </tr></td> </tr>

<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <td colspan="2">Population </td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Total</th> <td>160.421</td> </tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Density</th> <td>766/km² (1.983,9/sq mi)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>Time zone</th> <td>EET (UTC+2) </tr> <tr class="mergedbottomrow"> <th style="white-space: nowrap;"> - Summer (DST)</th> <td>EEST (UTC+3)</td> </tr>



Website: http://www.satu-mare.ro/

Satu Mare (pronunciation in Romanian: /'sa.tu 'ma.re/; Hungarian: Szatmárnémeti; German: Sathmar; Yiddish: סאטמאר (Satmar)) is a city with a population of 160,421 and the capital of Satu Mare County, Romania.

Satu Mare is the origin of the Satmar community of Hasidic Jews, now residing in New York City, Jerusalem, London, and other places.

GeographyEdit

Satu Mare city is situated in the Satu Mare County, in North - West Romania, on the Someş river, 13 km from the border with Hungary and 27 km from the border with Ukraine.

PopulationEdit

Satu Mare has a total population of 160,421; the ethnic breakdown is as follows:

and 480 others.


The city day is May 14, which commemorates the tragic floods that affected the city in 1970, although it is also a day of rebirth.

HistoryEdit

  • A fortress by the name of Zotmar (Castrum Zotmar) was mentioned in the Gesta Hungarorum as being in the lands ruled by Menumorut in the early 10th century. According to the chronicle, the fortress was taken by the Magyars after three days of fighting. In 1006 Germans were settled around the fortress by the Hungarian queen Gizella. Later, more Germans settled in the town of Mintin, across the Someş river.
  • After 1543 the fortress, then owned by the Báthory family, was reinforced and a moat was built around it. The fortress was under siege by the Ottomans in 1562 and later destroyed by the Habsburg Monarchy (Austrian Habsburgs). The Austrian Lazar Schwendi, using the latest Italian fortification techniques, rebuilt the fortress.
  • In 1703 the whole city burned down.
  • In 1721, Satu Mare, united with Mintiu/Mintin, became a "royal free city" and prospered as an important center of trade and craftsmanship.
  • In the 18th century much of the city was rebuilt and among the landmarks from that time are the old City Hall, the inn and several churches.
  • At the end of the 1760s the population rose to about 5,000 people.
  • In 1902, the first Hasidic Rabbi to settle in Satu Mare, Rabbi Yisachar Bertchi Leifer, the son of the famous Rabbi Mordechai Leifer of Nadvorna, moved from Selish to Satu Mare, where he gathered a large following until his passing in 1906. He was buried in the local Jewish Cemetery, and his grave is still visited by hundreds of Hasidim each year.
  • According to the census of 1910, Satu Mare had a population of 45,000, out of which 94.5% were Hungarians (including the Hungarian-speaking Jews).
  • On 20 March 1919 a representative of the Allies in Budapest handed Károlyi a Note ordering him to evacuate a further area of central Hungary for the benefit of the Romanians. The new cease-fire line was: Satu Mare - Carei - Oradea - Salonta - Arad. Count Károlyi's government resigned, and Bolsheviks led by Béla Kun replaced his government.
  • In 1920 Satu Mare became part of Romania. In 1930 it was the 15th largest city of Romania, with a population of 51,495. (Craiova (12): 63,215, Braşov: (13) 59,232, Constanţa (14): 59,164).
  • During World War II, Satu Mare and the surrounding areas were the stage of many deportations carried out by the Hungarian government, and antisemitic violence was a common reality in the life of Satu Mare while the city was under Hungarian occupation. In memory of the victims of the crimes committed by the Hungarians and German Nazis in the Satu Mare area, a monument has been raised in front of the Satu Mare Synagogue.
  • Despite the many casualties and discriminatory measures, however, the bulk of the Jews of Northern Transylvania, like those of Hungary as a whole, lived in relative physical safety, convinced that they would continue to enjoy the protection of the conservative-aristocratic government[citation needed]. This conviction was shattered almost immediately after the German occupation of Hungary on March 19, 1944. During the war at least 18,000 Jews from the Satu Mare area were deported and murdered in concentration and extermination camps as part of the Holocaust.
  • Some details relating to the ghettoization of the Jews in Northern Transylvania were discussed and finalized at two conferences chaired by László Endre (undersecretary of State in the Ministry of the Interior). These were attended by the top Hungarian officials in charge of the Final Solution and representatives of the various counties and municipalities, including the county prefects and/or deputy prefects, mayors, and the police and gendarmerie commanders of the affected counties. The first conference was held in Satu Mare on April 6, 1944, and was devoted to the "de-Jewification" operations in the counties of the Hungarian Gendarmerie (Csendőrség) District IX, namely Bistriţa-Năsăud, Bihor, Cluj, Satu Mare, Sălaj, and Someş.
  • By 1950 Satu Mare once again had roughly the same population as in 1930. It took almost three decades for Satu Mare to become a prosperous city once again. In the 1970s the city was subject to an extensive process of modernization undertaken by the Romanian Communist government of that time after the floods that took place on 14 May 1970. The most visible achievement of the reconstruction process was the impressive building of a city hall that features a unique architecture–the symbol of the city. The 1977 census was the first to show Hungarians in a minority. The collapse of Communism placed Satu Mare into a long period of stagnation during the 1990s when it lost around 20,000 inhabitants due to the closing down of many industrial plants.
  • Nowadays Satu Mare is a dynamic city with an industry that is entering the global economy. A considerable number of the inhabitants are active as guest workers, mostly in Western Europe, while their families remain based in Satu Mare.

SportsEdit

There are two main football clubs in Satu Mare: Olimpia and Someşul both playing in the romanian Liga III. There are two football stadiums in Satu Mare: the Olimpia Stadium with 20.000 seats and Someşul Stadium with 3.000 seats.

EconomyEdit

Satu Mare benefits from its proximity to the borders with Hungary and Ukraine, which makes it a prime location for logistical and industrial parks.

The most important companies that have established production facilities in Satu Mare are Electrolux, Dräxlmaier Group, Continental, Woco Group, Schlemmer, Casco, Phoenix AG, Hay Automobiltechnik and Zollner Elektronik in the industrial sector, Friesland in the food sector, Miro Radici in the textile sector and Saint-Gobain and Boissigny in the wood industry.

The German company Arcandor has its main Romanian office established in Satu Mare.

Satu Mare's retail sector is very developed; a number of international companies such as Profi, Real, Kaufland, Billa and Interex have supermarkets or hypermarkets in the city. There is also a DIY store, a Praktiker, and two malls. The smaller one, Plaza Europa, has a surface area of about 6000 m²; the larger one, Someşul, is some 12,000 m² in area.

There is also an industrial park called Satu Mare Industrial park located at the edge of the city on a 63 ha surface.

Satu Mare is served by the Satu Mare International Airport located 5 km south of the city.

TourismEdit

Major tourists attractions are:

There are several hotels in the city, including one 4 star hotel Villa Bodi, eleven 3 star hotels Astoria, Leon, Villa Lux, Dacia, Aurora, Dana I, Dana II, Select, Rania, Melody, Belvedere and one 2 star hotel: Sport.

Sister CitiesEdit

Famous people from Satu MareEdit

GalleryEdit


See alsoEdit

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

External linksEdit

NotesEdit

bg:Сату Маре

cs:Satu Mare da:Satu Mare de:Satu Mare et:Satu Mare eo:Satu Mare fr:Satu Mare id:Satu-Mare it:Satu Mare he:סאטו מארה hu:Szatmárnémeti nl:Satu Mare pl:Satu Mare ro:Satu Mare ru:Сату-Маре fi:Satu-Mare tg:Сату-Маре uk:Сату-Маре yi:סאטמאר (שטאט)