The Senate


Type Upper house
Houses Senatul
President Nicolae Văcăroiu,
Social Democratic Party
since 2004
Members 137
Political groups Social Democratic Party: 42
National Liberal Party: 25
Democratic Party: 21
Greater Romania Party: 16
Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania: 10
Conservative Party: 11
Independents: 11
Last elections 2004
Meeting place Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
Web site

The Senate of Romania (Romanian: Senat) is the upper house in Romania's bicameral parliament. It has 137 seats (as of November 28, 2004), to which members are elected by direct popular vote on a proportional representation basis to serve four-year terms.

Fișier:Palatul Senatului.jpg

After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, the Senate was housed in Palatul Senatului, located in Revolution Square. That U-shaped structure was built from 1938 to 1941 under engineer Emil Prager's coordination, following the plans of architect Emil Nădejde. It housed the Council of Ministers and from 1958 to 1989 it was the headquarters of the Central Committee of the Romanian Communist Party. During the Revolution, Romanian President Nicolae Ceauşescu and his wife Elena fled by helicopter from the roof of the building. In 2005 Senators moved into the Palace of the Parliament, joining their colleagues from the Chamber of Deputies. Palatul Senatului now houses offices of the Ministry of Interior and Administrative Reform.


2004 electionsEdit


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In the Romanian legislative election, 2004, held on November 28, 2004, the Justice and Truth Alliance won the greatest number of seats, even though no party won an outright majority. The current President of the Senate of Romania is Nicolae Văcăroiu, who was elected on December 20, 2004. Following his ad interim presidency of Romania, he delegated his attributions to the vicepresident Doru Ioan Tărăcilă.

Until April 2007, the Justice and Truth Alliance governed in coalition with other minor parties. In April 2007, after the break-up of the Justice and Truth Alliance, the National Liberal Party and the Democratic Union of Hungarians formed a minority government coalition (highlighted in bold in the table below).

Party  % of seats Seats
  Social Democratic Party 31.4 43
  National Liberal Party 16 22
  Democratic Party 15.4 21
  Greater Romania Party 13.1 18
  Conservative Party 8.0 11
  Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania 7.3 10
  Independents 8.8 12
Total 100 137

2000 electionsEdit

Elections to the Senate were held on November 26, 2000, in which the Social Democratic Party of Romania (PSD) won an overall majority. Then President of the Senate of Romania was Nicolae Văcăroiu, who was elected in December, 2000. The allocation of seats was as follows:

Party ' % of seats' seats
PSD 46.43 65
PRM 26.43 37
PNL 9.29 13
PD 9.29 13
UDMR 8.57 12
Others 0.00 0

Presidents of the SenateEdit

The Standing Bureau of the Senate consists of the President of the Senate, four vice-presidents, four secretaries, and four quaestors. The President of the Standing Bureau also serves as the President of the Senate. The President is elected, by secret ballot, for the duration of the legislative period.[1]

Period Name Party
1990-1992 Alexandru Bârlădeanu FSN
1992-1996 Oliviu Gherman FDSN
1996-February 2000 Petre Roman PD
February 2000 Mircea Ionescu-Quintus PNL
2000-2004 Nicolae Văcăroiu PDSR/PSD
2004- Nicolae Văcăroiu PSD

External linksEdit

ca:Senat de Romania

es:Senado de Rumania it:Senato della Romania nl:Senaat (Roemenië) ro:Senatul României

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