| Coat of arms of Vaslui
Coat of arms
<td colspan="2" style="text-align: center;">
<tr class="mergedbottomrow"> <th colspan="2" style="text-align: center; font-size: smaller; padding-bottom: 0.7em;">Coordinates: </th>
<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>Country
<th class="adr">Flag of Romania Romania
</tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th>County
<th class="adr">Vaslui County
</tr><tr class="mergedrow"> <th>Status <th>County capital </tr>
<tr class="mergedtoprow"> <td colspan="2">Population (2002)</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedrow"> <th> - Total</th> <td>70.267</td> </tr> <tr class="mergedtoprow"> <th>Time zone</th> <td>EET (UTC+2) </tr> <tr class="mergedbottomrow"> <th style="white-space: nowrap;"> - Summer (DST)</th> <td>EEST (UTC+3)</td> </tr>
Archaeological surveys prove that the territory of Vaslui was inhabited since Neolithic. From the 14th century onwards, it developed the provincial town of Vaslui, with a population that varied strongly in the following centuries. The name Vaslui was first mentioned in 1435, in connection with the accession of Prince Iliaş to the Moldavian throne. The town was burned to the ground in 1439 and 1440, when Tatars invaded Moldavia.
The peak of its importance was in the 15th century, when it was a second-rank capital of Moldavia, during the reign of Stephen the Great, with a population closer to that of the neighbour Iaşi. In 1475, Prince Stephen won his greatest battle against the Ottoman Empire in the Vaslui area (see Battle of Vaslui). Once the Moldavian capital was moved from Suceava to Iaşi and the southern town of Bârlad became an administrative center of the southern Moldavia, Vaslui declined for about three centuries to a local borough (târg).
There once was a fairly large Jewish community in the city of Vaslui. Their arrival from Galicia during the second half of the 19th century gave a new impetus to the economical development. In 1899, Jews formed 37% of the population, and Vaslui was home to the Vasloi Hasidic dynasty. However, waves of pogroms, associated with the Holocaust (see Romania during World War II and Holocaust in Romania) as well as emigration to Israel during Romania's communist period largely diminished its presence.
However, the population grew again steadily after 1968, when the town was proclaimed as the administrative center of Vaslui County, with immigration from the neighbouring countryside, ethnic Romanians and Roma attracted by the industry set up by the Communist regime.
The population decreased again after the downfall of the Communism in 1989, because of the emigration resulting from the decline in life quality.
Today, the majority of the population is of Romanian ethnicity. The Romani minority lives compactly in the southwestern suburbs of Rediu and Brodoc, in the southwestern part of the main town (in the neighbourhoods around Traian Street) and also scattered in the rest of locality. In the 1960s and 1970s nomadic Roma belonging to the Kalderash caste were forcibly settled by the Communists in the northern part of the town, scattered among Romanians. The third ethnic group is that of the Lipovans, who have in the center of the town a church of their Old Believers Christian branch.
- in 1930 - 13,827 inhabitants,
- in 1941 - 13,923 inhabitants,
- in 1948 - 11,827 inhabitants,
- in 1956 - 15,197 inhabitants,
- in 1966 - 17,591 inhabitants,
- in 1968 - 17,960 inhabitants,
- in 1970 - 22,825 inhabitants,
- in 1980 - 46,181 inhabitants,
- in 1990 - 74,615 inhabitants.
- Eugen Baciu
- Nicolae Milescu
- Gheorghe Mironescu
- Alexandra Nechita
- Peneş Curcanul
- Constantin Tănase
- Virgil Trofin
County seats of Romania (alphabetical order by county)
Alba Iulia • Arad • Piteşti • Bacău • Oradea • Bistriţa • Botoşani • Braşov • Brăila • Buzău • Reşiţa • Călăraşi • Cluj-Napoca • Constanţa • Sfântu Gheorghe • Târgovişte • Craiova • Galaţi • Giurgiu • Târgu Jiu • Miercurea Ciuc • Deva • Slobozia • Iaşi • Buftea • Baia Mare • Drobeta-Turnu Severin • Târgu Mureş • Piatra Neamţ • Slatina • Ploieşti • Satu Mare • Zalău • Sibiu • Suceava • Alexandria • Timişoara • Tulcea • Vaslui • Râmnicu Vâlcea • Focşani